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Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Tear Sheet Pad
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
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Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Tear Sheet Pad
Medically relevant promotional products from Nucleus are just what the doctor ordered. Physicians love to use our URAC approved, scientifically accurate tear sheet pads for patient education and compliance. Perfect for waiting room or exam room displays, with infinitely customizable designs. CALL for pricing information and samples - 800-333-0753. Product Specifications: 8.5 x 11 inches or 5.5x 8.5 inches; 50 tear sheets, two-sided information (full color front side, one-color back side), printed on white stock, sturdy cardboard back, detailed medical illustrations in color and continuous tone, space available for overprinting of contact information or product may be customized with new artwork or text (additional charge may apply). This tear sheet pad contains the following information: Deep Vein Thrombosis (Thrombophlebitis) Definition Deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot in a vein deep within the body. Veins are blood vessels. The muscles in the arms and legs contract and help force the blood through the veins back to the heart. A system of valves within the veins helps prevent the blood from flowing backwards. Deposits of red blood cells and clotting elements in the blood can accumulate in a vein and lead to blood clot formation. Clots usually occur in the legs but can occur in other locations. As the clot grows, it blocks blood flow in the affected vein. Causes Several factors contribute to clot formation, including: * Catheters placed in a vein * Clotting problems (can occur due to aging or disease) * Injury to a blood vessel * Pooling of blood in a vein, often due to: o Damage to valves in a vein or pressure on the valves, such as occurs during pregnancy o Immobility o Medical conditions * Slow blood flow, often due to lying or sitting still for an extended period of time Risk Factors A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. * History of deep vein thrombosis * Hospitalization * Medical conditions such as: o Blood disorders o Cancer o Heart attack o Heart failure o Inflammatory bowel disease o Varicose veins * Not moving your body * Obesity * Pregnancy * Surgery, especially involving bones or joints * Taking birth control pills or estrogen therapy Symptoms Symptoms occur when: * A clot breaks free and travels to the lungs * Local inflammation occurs; or * The clot interferes with blood flow in the vein; or Some patients may not experience any symptoms until the clot moves to the lungs, a condition called pulmonary embolism. Symptoms of deep vein thrombosis may include: * Pain * Redness, paleness or blueness of the skin of the affected limb * Swelling of a limb * Tenderness along the vein * Warmth Diagnosis The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. Tests may include: Duplex Venous Ultrasound - a test that uses sound waves to detect changes in blood flow Venography - x-rays taken after dye is injected into a small vein, to show areas of normal and abnormal blood flow Impedance Plethysmography - measures changes in blood volume in the veins as a blood pressure cuff wrapped around the thigh is inflated and deflated Treatment Treatment aims to: * Dissolve the clot (sometimes) * Prevent pulmonary embolism * Stop the clot from growing Treatments include: Supportive Care This may include: * Elevating the affected limb above the heart * Resting in bed * Wearing compression stockings as recommended by your doctor Medications Anticoagulant drugs to prevent additional clot formation include: * Fibrinolytic enzymes - to help dissolve a major clot. These include: o Streptokinase o TPA o Urokinase * Heparin injection - fast-acting drug that prevents more clot formation (given for several days) * Warfarin (taken by mouth) - slowly prevents more clot formation (usually given for several months) Surgery In certain situations, doctors may place a filter in the inferior vena cava, a major vein returning blood from the lower body to the heart. The filter may trap any clots that break loose and travel toward the lungs. Prevention General prevention measures include: * Not sitting for long periods, such as in a car or airplane or at a computer (Get up frequently and move around.) * Not smoking If you are admitted to the hospital, talk to your doctor about how to prevent blood clots, such as: * Getting out of bed and walking as soon as possible during your recovery * If you are restricted to bed: o Changing your position at least every two hours o Doing range of motion exercises in bed * Taking anticoagulant medication if advised by your doctor * Using a pneumatic compression device - a device that uses air to compress your legs and help improve venous blood flow * Wearing compression stockings, which promotes venous blood flow

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