MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT: A mammogram procedure use as low dose x-rays to view and detect changes in breast tissue. A woman's breasts are composed of glandular tissue, and ducts, fat, connective tissue, and blood vessels. A mammogram is a routine x-ray screening test for women over the age of 40, or for those with breast related symptoms, such as a lump or nipple discharge. Before your mammogram, make sure that your breasts and underarms are clean, and do not wear deodorant, since it may appear on mammogram x-rays as calcium spots. A screening mammogram is performed yearly, as a routine study for women over 40, when there are no symptoms related to the breast. A technician will begin by placing one of your breath between two specialized plates. The plates will compress to flatten your breast, so that the camera can get clear pictures of your breast tissue. You may feel some discomfort during the compression, but it will only last a few seconds. Then you will change position for a second picture, which will be taken from the side. This procedure will then be repeated on your other breast. You will get the results from your screening mammogram later, usually within a couple of weeks. A diagnostic mammogram is performed if a screening mammogram shows an abnormality, or if there are symptoms, such as a breast lump or nipple discharge. During a diagnostic mammogram, x-ray images are taken from different views, and an ultrasound may be performed. You will get the results from your diagnostic mammogram during your visit to determine the next steps.